How To Know If Your Having Kidney Problems

How To Know If Your Having Kidney Problems – Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term condition in which the kidneys work less than they should. This page provides information about CKD, its treatment and what to expect.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are not working as well as they should. They cannot remove waste products from your body. Damage to the kidney’s filtration system also allows blood and protein to pass through the urine. It is not always visible but can be found with a urine test.

How To Know If Your Having Kidney Problems

How To Know If Your Having Kidney Problems

The word “chronic” means that it is a long-term condition. This does not mean that your kidney damage is serious as most cases of CKD are mild and can be managed with the help of your GP and without hospital intervention.

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Most people are diagnosed with blood and urine tests. You may have these tests as part of a regular check-up or you may be at risk of developing CKD.

Once you are diagnosed, your doctor will determine what stage of CKD you are in. This is done by measuring the amount of creatinine, a waste product that builds up in kidney disease. Your doctors can use it to gauge how well your kidneys are working. You can refer to this as your estimated glomerular filtration rate (e-GFR). This is based on how quickly your kidneys clean your blood and is measured in milliliters per minute.

Most people with stages 1 to 3 CKD can manage the condition themselves through their GP and do not need specialist input from their kidney doctors.

CKD can get progressively worse over time, although it remains stable for most people, and very few people need kidney replacement therapy such as dialysis. Dramatic improvement in kidney function after kidney failure is uncommon, but depends on the cause of the problem.

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Yes About 10% of people in the UK have CKD. It rises to 20% in people over 80 years old. It is usually mild and may not be serious. The vast majority of patients with CKD have no symptoms and do not require specialist intervention.

Anyone can get CKD. It can affect children and adults of any age. Some people are born with it and others develop it as they grow up. It can run in some families and is more common in people of Asian or African descent.

Your doctor will try to find out what is causing your CKD. For most people, your GP will take care of you, but some people may need to see a nephrologist and have further tests. It is not always possible to find out what caused the damage.

How To Know If Your Having Kidney Problems

Most people have no symptoms associated with CKD. Even when your kidneys are damaged, they can still work well enough to stop any of your symptoms. You can be born with only one kidney and be healthy.

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You can still produce a normal amount of urine, even if you have CKD, but your kidneys can’t rid your body of the toxins it needs to keep you healthy. The quality of your urine is more important than the quantity

Although you may not have any symptoms of CKD, kidney damage can still affect your health. CKD can increase the chance of developing high blood pressure, heart disease or stroke. It is therefore important that you are regularly checked by your GP or kidney doctor.

Having CKD increases the risk of developing acute kidney injury (AKI). It is a sudden decrease in kidney function, often due to disease or infection. ARF can usually be treated very effectively, but it can permanently reduce kidney function.

At the first visit, your kidney doctor will try to find the cause of your CKD. After that visit, your weight and blood pressure will be measured each time you visit, and your urine sample will be analyzed for blood, protein, or signs of infection. A blood test will be done to measure kidney function and check for signs of anaemia, bone health and blood acid levels. You will then talk to the doctor about your symptoms and discuss what treatments are available.

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If your kidney function is stable and mild, you will usually be referred to your GP. You should have an annual check-up to make sure everything is fine, but you may not need any special treatment.

You can get treatment for some of the symptoms of kidney disease, including anemia, fluid retention, and treatment to keep your bones healthy.

If you have reached the later stages of CKD, you should start educating yourself about the possible treatments available.

How To Know If Your Having Kidney Problems

Management There will be big decisions to make, and you will be supported and advised by all the professionals in the Renal Unit to help you decide what you want to do.

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If you smoke, stop. Ask for help to stop if you need it. There are many treatments to help.

Try to control your blood pressure. Take any blood pressure medication regularly and as directed by your doctor. Reduce the amount of salt in your diet to less than 6 grams (one teaspoon) per day.

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Maintain a healthy weight. If you are overweight, have diabetes or advanced kidney disease and need advice about your diet, ask your GP about services available in your area. They may refer you to a dietician for specialist advice.

Avoid anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen as they can make kidney disease worse. Whenever you are prescribed a new medicine, ask your pharmacist if it is safe to take because you have reduced kidney function.

If you are not sick, you may need to temporarily stop taking some medications. This is especially important if you take blood pressure medication. Discuss this with your GP, pharmacist or nephrologist.

How To Know If Your Having Kidney Problems

Most people have two kidneys (although only 1 in 10,000 of us are born with one), and if we’re healthy, our two kidneys work by filtering waste from the blood that the body leaves as urine. Our kidneys help control our blood pressure and produce hormones that help produce red blood cells and prevent anemia. They also play a very important role in maintaining healthy bones. In addition, they maintain a good amount of salts and chemicals in the body such as sodium, potassium, phosphate and calcium. Any chemical imbalance can cause problems in other parts of the body and kidney disease can interfere with medication, so it is important that patients consult their GP or consultant.

Obesity & Kidney Disease

We know how difficult it can be to diagnose chronic conditions like kidney disease. We are here to offer our full support to help improve the quality of life for everyone with kidney disease and there are many ways we can help you:

Kidney disease affects different people in different ways, both physically and mentally. It can affect many aspects of life, including personal relationships, work and social life.

Get help with many aspects of living with kidney disease, including mental health, diet, fluid restrictions, questions to ask your doctor, and benefits in our Living with Kidney Disease section.

Most people with chronic kidney disease have only a mild or moderate decline in kidney function with few symptoms. But it can progress to a more serious stage where the kidneys stop working, this is called kidney failure.

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Around 10% of people with CKD have what is called established kidney failure, when the kidneys are not working well enough to keep us healthy and alive and support is considered for dialysis treatment or a kidney transplant. Remember, it’s never too late to review your preferred care and you can even change your treatment. Always talk to your kidney care team for the best advice.

Kidney transplant: A transplant is the best treatment for most patients with established kidney failure. Transplantation prolongs life, improves quality of life and relieves dialysis.

Dialysis: Dialysis is an artificial way to remove waste products and unnecessary water from the blood. You can choose between:

How To Know If Your Having Kidney Problems

No dialysis: Some patients opt for what is called conservative treatment instead of dialysis treatment.

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